Courts & Litigation & Lawsuit & Lawyers : Law & Legal & Attorney

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How to Ask the Government for a Pardon

How to Ask the Government for a Pardon

Your judicial opportunities don't end with conviction or a lost appeal. You may seek a pardon because you feel that the conviction is unfair, or that your record is seriously affecting your life, holding you back from work and housing, for instance. You may also feel you are no longer the person you......[Read More]
What Is a Civil Court Filing?

What Is a Civil Court Filing?

A civil court filing is the process in which parties to a lawsuit file various legal documents associated with their particular civil case with the designated court that has jurisdiction to hear the matter.......[Read More]
How to View Court Records

How to View Court Records

In order to review court records easier and get results faster, you need to know which court the record is in, personal information that is in the court document, and the date when the record was filed with the court. Additional information that may be needed is a person's identification information......[Read More]
Deposition Rules for a Texas Court Reporter

Deposition Rules for a Texas Court Reporter

Court reporters in Texas must hold a certification from the Texas Court Reporters Certification Board, with exams given by the Texas Court Reporters Association. Chapter 52 of Vernon's Texas Codes Annotated delineates the standards and rules for court reporter, last amended, as of 2010,.........[Read More]
How to Get a Subpoena in Michigan

How to Get a Subpoena in Michigan

You can get a subpoena in Michigan from the clerk of court at the request of an attorney. A subpoena requires you to to testify in a legal setting or to provide certain documentation to a court proceeding. Lawyers use subpoenas to gather witnesses to testify in court about details relating to the ca......[Read More]
What Is the Difference Between State & Federal Court Systems?

What Is the Difference Between State & Federal Court Systems?

The idea behind federalism is that more than one legal system has input into how laws are interpreted. This dualism prevents too much power from either the federal or state courts, a system known as checks and balances.......[Read More]
California Unemployment: An Employer Wants Employees to Sign a Waiver Not to File Benefits Claims

California Unemployment: An Employer Wants Employees to Sign a Waiver Not to File Benefits Claims

California's unemployment insurance program receives funds through the Federal Unemployment Tax Act. Employers in California pay a percentage of each employee's wages in FUTA tax for administration of unemployment benefits through the state. Unemployment benefits provide temporary assistance to empl......[Read More]
What Kind of Schooling Does One Need to Become a Court Reporter?

What Kind of Schooling Does One Need to Become a Court Reporter?

The demand for court reporters in the United States should increase by 18 percent from 2008 through 2018, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Court reporters produce transcripts of legal proceedings. Accuracy and speed when operating this equipment are crucial to the work of court repo......[Read More]
How to Prepare a Closing Statement

How to Prepare a Closing Statement

The closing statement of a trial, also called the closing argument, is the last opportunity for the attorneys in the case to directly communicate with the jury or the judge. It's an important time for them to sum up the case, reiterate testimony and evidence, and drive home points that they have mad......[Read More]
How to Serve a Subpoena in Florida

How to Serve a Subpoena in Florida

In Florida, the purpose of a subpoena is to get an individual to testify in court. Once you complete the form, it is the responsibility of you or the process server to ensure that the subpoena is served to the appropriate person on time. Make sure to follow certain steps to ensure your subpoena is s......[Read More]
Waiving the Statutory Time Required for a Subpoena in California

Waiving the Statutory Time Required for a Subpoena in California

Justice delayed is supposedly justice denied, and our very constitution grants us the right to a speedy trial. At times, however, an order for a witness to appear on a specific date to give testimony may either leave that witness unable to comply -- or the lawyers requesting that witness -- with too......[Read More]
How to File a Claim When Your Home Burns Down

How to File a Claim When Your Home Burns Down

After putting in a claim with your insurance provider, you'll eventually receive a payout for either your home and property's actual cash value (ACV) or replacement cost. Because of the fire, you might not have your insurance policy details, such as policy rider information, endorsement information ......[Read More]
Two Types of Subpoena

Two Types of Subpoena

A subpoena is an order issued by a court official requesting the presence of a witness or essential documents for use as evidence in legal proceedings. Subpoenas are a valuable tool for attorneys when the outcome of a case relies heavily on evidence the client doesn't have access to. A subpoena reci......[Read More]
How to Obtain Federal Court Records

How to Obtain Federal Court Records

In order to obtain federal court records--whether needed for research, personal reasons or as a reference for another trial--you will need specific information about the case and where it occurred. Federal court records are considered public. Their accessibility varies, however, based on the jurisd......[Read More]
California Mobile Home Parks and Vexatious Litigant Laws

California Mobile Home Parks and Vexatious Litigant Laws

In California, a mobile home park may move to have a civil suit dismissed as vexatious litigation. A suit launched by a mobile home park may be dismissed for the same reason. The California Code of Civil Procedure sets out four criteria, any one of which will result in a finding of vexatious litigat......[Read More]
How to Lay the Foundation for Expert Witness Testimony

How to Lay the Foundation for Expert Witness Testimony

The Federal Rules of Evidence, which have been largely adopted by all 50 states, permit expert witness testimony. An expert witness is someone with specialized knowledge in a particular subject. Common subjects of expert witness testimony include estimates of damages or loss of earnings in a tort ca......[Read More]
The Criminal Law Sentencing Act of 1988

The Criminal Law Sentencing Act of 1988

The Criminal Law Sentencing Act of 1988 establishes the policies and procedures by which the courts of South Australia may impose punishments on defendants who have been convicted of a crime. The Act adds to existing laws, but does not replace any.......[Read More]
How to Unseal an Adoption in Texas

How to Unseal an Adoption in Texas

Many states have strict rules governing the reasons adoption records may be unsealed, making the process nearly impossible. Fortunately, if you live in Texas, the process is less mysterious and a bit easier than that of other states. There is no guarantee that a court will decide in your favor, but ......[Read More]
Is Compensatory Damage Taxable?

Is Compensatory Damage Taxable?

If you have received a monetary damages award, you're probably wondering whether you'll have to report the damages as income to the Internal Revenue Service (IRS). In the past, certain types of compensatory damages awards were taxable. But legislation has changed how these damages are reported to th......[Read More]
Pennsylvania Felony Sentencing Guidelines

Pennsylvania Felony Sentencing Guidelines

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania operates courts in 67 counties. To ensure fair sentencing, the state has established sentencing guidelines for felony convictions. The Pennsylvania Commission on Sentencing creates guidelines for sentencing of people convicted of crimes in the state.......[Read More]