Same-sex marriage has been banned in the majority Catholic state since 1992.
Article 38 of the Lithuanian Constitution states "Marriage shall be concluded upon the free mutual consent of a man and a woman." Article 3.12 of the country's Civil Code also states that "Marriage shall be concluded with a person of the opposite sex only." In 2008, same-sex couples were excluded from the National Conception of Family Policy which defines marriage as between one man and one woman.
In 2005, despite resistance in the Seimas (Lithuania's parliament), the Law on Equal Treatment was passed prohibiting discrimination on the basis of sexual orientation in the areas of employment, education and access to goods and services.
According to Article 2.27 of Lithuania's Civil Code, any non-married person is allowed to change their legal gender.
In Lithuania, only married couples are allowed to adopt children, subsequently same-sex couples are prohibited from adopting. Single parents can adopt at a social worker's discretion, but institutional barriers prevent single LGBT parents from adopting.
Gays and lesbians can serve openly in the military.
Under threats of violence, Vilnius, Lithuania's pride parade was banned. The ruling was overturned by a appeals court on April 7, 2010, allowing the five-day festival to commence.
Lithuania pride carried on as planned with hundreds of flag-totting participants. The march did have a few snags, as expected. The BBC reports that police fired tear gas and arrested at least 12 people who threw stones and fireworks at marchers. Luckily, no one was reported injured.