Home & Garden Architecture

How to Do a Floor Plan

    • 1). Select a scale to use for the floor plan. The most common scale is 12 to 1, which means 12 inches (1 foot) equals 1 inch. If the building or floor plan is too large for the paper, a 24-to-1 or 48-to-1 scale can be used.

    • 2). Measure the diameter of the entire space represented in the floor plan. This is the measurement along all outside walls. Note the location and dimensions of any doors, windows, fireplaces or other features located on these walls. Scale down the measurements. To do this, measure the wall in feet, then change the feet to the scaled down measurement. For example, 10 feet on a 12-to-1 scale is 10 inches, on a 24-to-1 scale it is 5 inches and on a 48-to-1 scale, it is 2.5 inches.

    • 3). Draw these walls to scale on the graph paper. Use the ruler to make sure all the lines are straight and the correct length. Depict any doors, windows, fireplaces or other features on these walls. Draw a straight line and an arc to represent the doorways and two straight lines to represent windows.

    • 4). Work your way around the house starting at one corner and moving around. Measure each wall, window, door and closet in each room. Scale down all the measurements to the appropriate scale and add it to the drawing on the graph paper.

    • 5). Measure all counters, toilets, sinks, bathtubs and showers. Scale them down and draw them on the floor plan. Counters are represented with a rectangle or square the size of the counter. For toilets use a small rectangle for the reservoir and a circle for the bowl. Sinks are depicted as circles and bathtubs are depicted using oblong circles.

    • 6). Walk around the building or house and check every room against the floor plan. Make adjustments as necessary.

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