Health & Medical Ear & Nose,Throat

What Causes Nose Bleeds in Adults?

    Causes

    • Nosebleeds in adults can also be a sign of leukemia, a nasal growth or cancer, according to entusa.com. In addition, adults can have nosebleeds if the weather conditions are dry or they have a respiratory illness. The University of Maryland Medical Center reports other causes of nosebleeds include using a blood-thinning drug, such as aspirin, or nasal spray; the popping of an ear; nasal allergies; trying to remove something from your nose or blowing your nose too hard; frequent sneezing; exposure to chemicals; inhaling extremely cold or dry air; nasal surgery or breaking your nose.

    Other Possibilities

    • If you are elderly and your nose starts bleeding on a regular basis, do not ignore this. It may be an indication that the head veins are loaded and you may be at risk for apoplexy or heart disease, according to chestofbooks.com. Apoplexy means a stroke and is caused by an effusion of blood into the brain or when blood hits the surface of the brain.

    Types

    • The University of Michigan Health system explains that that there are two types of nosebleeds, including posterior and anterior. If the bleeding comes from the back of the nose, this is considered a posterior nosebleed. If it comes from the front, it is anterior. Posterior nosebleeds are more serious than anterior bleeds.

    Common Occurences

    • Nosebleeds commonly occur due to high altitude; high blood pressure; a sinus infection or allergy that has inflamed the nasal membrane; picking your nose; probing your nose; drug abuse; certain medications; and medical problems that prevent your blood from clotting as it should.

    What to Do

    • If you have a nosebleed, don't tilt your head backward. Instead, pinch your nose and lean forward. A posterior nosebleed may require medical attention. Your health care provider may pack your nose with petroleum jelly-coated gauze. If the bleeding stops, use a saline nasal spray or drops so that the inside of your nose will stay moist, but do not blow your nose for several hours. If your nosebleed lasts more than 10 minutes, seek medical attention particularly if you are elderly and have other health concerns. If you are bleeding profusely, get yourself and your nose to the emergency room.

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