Different Kinds of Pond Algae
Diatoms are photosynthetic, unicellular organisms characterized by their beautifully sculptured, silica (glass-like) shells; they contain yellow or brown pigments.
- Cyanobacteria, also known as blue-green algae, are photosynthetic bacteria. They can be found in many different habitats, including ponds, oceans, soil and even the fur of a polar bear.
- Chlorophyta is also known as green algae. Many species are unicellular, appearing as slimy green scum. Some live in spherical colonies, and some are multicellular organisms in the form of branched filaments.
- Euglenophyta are single-celled organisms that swim using flagella. Like a combination of animal and plant, some species of Euglenophyta eat as well as create their own food via photosynthesis.
- Xanthophyta, also called yellow-green algae, can be unicellular or colonial. Carotenoids and xanthrophyll are the pigments that make them yellow-green.