Common Causes of Nose Bleeds
- The most common cause of a nose bleed is trauma to the face. The nose contains a multitude of blood vessels, so it is a likely area to bleed. Nosebleeds can also occur when nasal membranes are too dry and crack. Dryness of the membranes is common in dry climates or in the winter when indoor heating is used. Medications such as anti-blood-clotting, aspirin or any anti-inflammatory cause the membrane to become extremely sensitive. Sickness, such as upper respiratory infections, can lead to nosebleeds as well as allergies, high blood pressure, alcohol abuse or even a tumor.
What to Do When You Get A Nose Bleed
- Lean forward, keeping the head above the heart alleviates bleeding. Also, the blood will drain out of your nose instead of into your throat. You can use your thumb and index finger to pinch the soft part of your nose (the area between the end and the hard, bony ridge). Keep holding until the bleeding stops and then continue for 5 minutes. If it begins again, repeat the process. A cold compress can also help to stop the bleeding. Do not bend over or blow your nose for a significant period of time.
- If you feel another nose bleed coming on, rest with your head elevated 30 to 45 degrees. Don't strain while going to the bathroom. Don't smoke. Don't strain while lifting heavy objects. Open your mouth while sneezing. Lubricating ointments may help as well as nasal decongestant.