Travel & Places Travel & Places

Unlock Shanghai"s Historic Landmarks

Translated Shanghai means 'City on the Sea', a fitting name for a metropolis that sits on the Yangazi River delta, even though it is now the largest and most developed city in China.
While Shanghai's history is considerably shorter than many of its counterparts it is still full of beautiful historic landmarks to visit whilst on holiday in China.
For many years Shanghai was merely a small fishing village until that the city began to evolve when the first Opium War ended in 1942 when the British opened a concession in what we now recognise as Shanghai.
One of the most famous historical sites in Shanghai is the Yuyuan Garden which was severely damaged during the years of the Opium War.
It is located in the center of the Old City and is believed to have been first built about 400 years ago by the Ming Dynasty.
Many cultural relics are available to view at the garden including paintings, calligraphy and sculptures.
The Jade Buddha Temple is another historic site in Shanghai that is a must see for those visiting China.
It is said to have been built in 1882 when monk Huigen brought two jade Shakyamuni statues back from Burma, which were donated to him during a pilgrimage to Tibet, and looked for a location to house them.
The temple was destroyed, however, during the 1911 revolution that overthrew the Qing Dynasty, while the jade statues were saved the temple had to be rebuilt which didn't finish construction until seven years later.
In 1921 the First National Congress of the Communist Party of China was secretly held in Shanghai and is the event that marks the birth of the Communist Party.
The site is now home to a museum that details the history of China, the city of Shanghai and the foundation of the Chinese Communist Party.
The very room where the congress was held is made to look exactly as it was 84 years ago and the museum has received 10 million visitors since its opening as such 50 years ago.
Located next to Shanghai Xintiandi, a popular pedestrian area, the two storey site includes an exhibition hall that displays historical documents, relics and photos.
These are just a few of the impressive historical sites that can be visited in Shanghai that depict aspects of China's history as a whole as well as the city's own.
With many beautiful gardens and tranquil temples Shanghai has much to offer its visitors and these particularly well known landmarks offer an insight into the city's short but dense history.

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