When it comes to criminal justice, the process may vary from state to state, country to country. When one faces criminal offense charges, it is best to consult or hire a criminal attorney. Criminal lawyers are legally registered to practice in their respective states. Again, the kind of crime committed and charges faced vary from case to case. Since criminal law is a vast area, there are sub specializations as well. Hence, one could be a criminal lawyer who specializes in arson while another could be adept in handling murder or assault cases. However, even if one gains a lawyer who can help him or her through the process of getting the charges off them, one should also be aware of the different legal procedures involved in criminal cases.
Crimes Investigated By Officials
When it comes to criminal cases, the investigation by law enforcement official usually starts off the legal proceedings. For instance, an office may note a speeder or an erratic person driving on the road and pull the person over. Shots could be heard or reported and officials dispatched to look into the crime. There might be fraud cases found or thefts which are then brought to the attention of law enforcement officials.
The next step involves a search warrant. This is usually required when there has been a crime and the law enforcement officials feel the need to search one's premises in search of evidence. One should be aware that such officials cannot search one's premises only on the basis of a hunch. They need to have a proper search warrant which is issued by the judge. A judge will issue an warrant only if there is probable cause that supports the need for such a warrant. In many instances officers wrongfully search one's premises without a warrant. Here is where criminal lawyers can intervene on behalf of the rights of their client.
Interrogation And Arrest
The next steps involve interrogation and subsequently arrest. When the law officials find reason to suspect individuals they can take them in for interrogation. However, such proceedings can occur in the presence of a lawyer. The lawyers advise their clients on their constitutional rights, one of them being the right to remain silent. Arrests are usually made when law enforcement officials have probable cause and there is a warrant issued against a person. Even under suspicion he or she can be taken into custody. Again, if the crime has been committed in front of such an official one can be arrested without the need of a warrant. The right to a lawyer cannot be denied to suspects. The lawyers work with their clients to understand the crime scenario and to come out with the best possible way to get their clients off the charges. The lawyers defend their clients in the court proceedings as well as gather necessary evidence in order to prove that the crime of their client cannot be proven. Even if the client faces charges, lawyers can help to reduce the gravity of the charges imposed on their client.