Home & Garden Gardening

How to Plant Raspberries

Planting raspberries Location and conditions Cultivating raspberries is a very technique sensitive task and it requires paying attention to great details to get a good harvest.
The raspberry plant requires a lot of sunlight to grow.
The soil choice is crucial.
Usually a sandy loam type of soil having plenty of organic material is needed.
The soil should have a good drainage system and the site for growing the plants should be near a good water supply.
This is really important to save the plants from the effects of the dry season.
The plants should not be planted in the regions which tend to remain wet during the spring season.
Timing and planting considerations The raspberries should be ideally planted during late april till the mid of july.
They should be protected from the affects of frost and the pH should be between 5.
The plants should not be grown in close proximity to potatoes, tomatoes, peppers and eggplants as these plants have a diseased condition-root rot (verticillium) that can infect and destroy the raspberries.
Make sure that the soil covering is hard and firm and the depth of the plant should be same as that in the nursery.
If you are planning to grow the raspberries in a hedge, the crowns should be planted a couple of feet apart and the rows of raspberry plants require a space of at least 12 feet from each other.
The hedge measures 12" to 18" wide from the base.
Care and maintenance The raspberries should be watered an inch or two every seven days.
The raspberries should be planted as shallow as possible to remove the weeds.
Weeds can also be prevented from growing around the raspberries by adding wood chips, mulch or pine needles to the soil.
The perfect timing for fertilization of the plants is mid April and the other half a month later.
About 20 lbs of 10-10-10 of the fertilizer should be added on per 1000 square feet of the area.
Harvest One should be aware how to harvest so that the fruits do not get destroyed.
This is usually prevented by harvesting them often.
The raspberries should be collected when the fruit can be plucked from the core of the plant.
The fruits should be eaten or kept stored in containers which should be kept in a cold place having a temperature of at least 33 degree Fahrenheit which will the fruits to survive for a period of 3 days to a week.
Protection from disease Successful growing of raspberries involves keeping them infection free.
The plants when purchased should be certified virus free.
The weeds should be removed as regularly as possible to prevent the insects from attacking on the fruits.
The wild rambles within 600 feet of the plant should be removed.
The region should be kept clean and fungi free.
Snipping of the plants also helps in keeping the disease at bay.
Pruning is highly important.
It tends to improve the airflow to the region.
Pruning is most favorably done during the summer months.
If the canes of the plant come outside the 18" row base, they should be cut off.
If they show signs of insect wounds or injury, they should again be cut off as soon as possible.
The old plant canes having had borne the fruits before should be destroyed as they are usually grey and dead in appearance.
The plant waste should be removed and it can be a source of disease and infection.
Planting of raspberries requires an immense amount of time and hard work but once the good yield is obtained one feels immensely gratified and contended.

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