It disrupts development mainly in three areas of life- communicative skills, social skills and in repetitive behaviors.
It is acknowledged as a 'spectrum disorder', because its symptoms range from minor difficulty in learning and social abilities to incapacity of the severe form along with irregular behavior pattern and numerous problems like seizures and mental retardation only a few among them.
Autism is a developmental problem which has a higher frequency of getting detected among boys rather than girls and because of its rising commonality, now there is a wide-spread plea to recognize it as a condition rather than as a disease.
There is no universally accepted test to determine if your child is autistic or not, so if any suspicion has been aroused in your mind about your child in this regard, you should consult a specialist as soon as possible.
The rearing of an autistic child demands extra care and effort on part of its parents.
Following are some of the tips that parents of autistic children may put to use when it comes to educating and managing the activities of autistic children: 1.
Determine the nature of your child: The first principle of deciding any course of action for your autistic child should begin with the task of knowing him closely.
You must have thorough knowledge of his needs, demands and temperament.
If you see any sign of aberrant behavior in him, you should realize that it can be caused by the autistic condition, as very few children are intentionally bad.
Keep your expectations within reach: As a parent of an autistic child, you should keep your expectations within rational bound.
You should not expect calmness from your child during the whole of dinner time, as they are fidgety by nature.
So you have to go step by step and begin with goals that are achievable.
Teach them to remain calm for a short while and then gradually build up this practice among them.
Create a safe environment: The onus of ensuring a safe environment for their children always remains on the parents, so that these children do not get injured.
Creating a safe atmosphere is also a key to ensure their over-all safety.
That is why it is imperative for the parents to adopt various safety measures to provide a safe environment for such children.
Maintain a developmental journal of your kids: Keeping a record of the developmental history of your child can prove to be advantageous for you and also for the specialist who is treating your child.
Make note even of the slightest change in the behavior pattern of your child, if you notice any.
This will assist you to determine the factors that accelerate or slow down the growth of your child.
Be perceptive: Try as much as possible to learn what works for and against your child.
While learning what is beneficial for your child will be of great help, learning what affects him adversely will serve you to protect him from those circumstances.
Structure a routine: Autistic children prefer a routine life and schedule.
Even if some of them are fiercely, independent, but creating a daily schedule will make it easier for parents to train their children in various daily rituals.
Also be aware to use simple language while instructing them and allow them some time to process your instructions to avoid their confusion.
Change is prohibited: Since autistic children prefer a routine life, be deterred to make any drastic change to the daily schedule, once you create one.
Element of surprise is not liked by them and can go to the length of shocking them.
If it becomes essential to make some change to the daily routine, warn them about it beforehand.
Savor your child's success and encourage him: Always cheer loudly for your child even for his smallest successes, like when he chooses a play mate or successfully completes a sentence, because these little achievements drop hints about the fact he is putting his effort to become himself.
Do not pay heed to other's opinions: When going out with your child, always pay attention to him and do not bother about what others think or say about your child.
For example, if the child is being fidgety, do not shout at him, because he is not deliberately causing you embarrassment, he is conditioned to act in that way for autism.
Share some moments of laughter with him: Associating autism with fun is often difficult, but try to indulge into fun activities with your child like jumping on a trampoline, tickling and cuddling or any such activities that tickle their funny bone.
Your laughter with your child will fill the house with mirth and act as a great de-stressor for both of you.
Learn to enjoy a lot with your child and let him enjoy your company.
Final thing is that, parents should always strive to learn more about autism while will help them to implement their strategies to manage autism of their children.
These additional information will equip them with better understanding of their children's need, how to cope with them and to facilitate the most suitable environment for their positive growth.