Health & Medical Mental Health

Mental Retardation and Intellectual Development in Children

Some people believe that mental retardation is diagnosed only on the basis of low IQ because diagnosis is poorly understood. There is the idea that these people cannot learn or to care for themselves. To be diagnosed with mental retardation, the child must have both significantly low IQ, and problems functioning in daily life.
Mental retardation is a phrase used to describe children and people who develop intellectual or cognitive slower than their peers. This is a limitation of mental functions leading to limited intellectual development. The term is often considered offensive, so today is used more often an expression of intellectual disabilities or developmental delays.

A child who has learning and development disabilities does not mean it cannot learn. Even children with autism, Down syndrome or cerebral palsy - all considered disabilities - can grow and become very capable in life.

What causes mental retardation?

Delays in intellectual development of children often occur due to brain damage or problems that prevent the brain to develop normally. They can occur both in intrauterine cavity at the time of birth or afterwards. Many of the causes of mental retardation remain unknown.

Here are some of them:
€ Genetic anomalies (the baby's);
€ Pregnancy problems and complications (infections, diseases or drugs that can affect the developing fetus);
€ Lack of oxygen at birth (hypoxia);
€ Premature birth;
€ Infection of the baby after birth;
€ Injuries and severe trauma to the head anytime in childhood or adulthood (in these cases can be temporary or permanent disabilities).

What are the symptoms?

Signs and symptoms of mental retardation are exclusively behavioral. Children with disabilities may have trouble learning to crawl or to speak since they are babies. Other characteristics are delays or difficulties in:
€ Development of language (especially speech);
€ Memory;
€ learning social rules;
€ Problem solving;
€ Logical thinking;
€ Social adaptation and self-care skills development and self-adaptation.

How to deal with intellectual disabilities?

As the diagnosis is made early, both treatment and recovery are faster and more efficient. The rehabilitation plans involving multiple specialists and several types of therapies:
€ Speech therapy;
€ Psychotherapy (behavioral therapy);
€ Educational support;
€ Medication.
Special education (with parents, educators and teachers) should be done early in childhood. All professionals involved in child therapy are designed to help your baby to develop as many lack the skills to improve quality of life.

Many children with learning disabilities have an active and normal life and manage to cope on their own strengths. All depends on the course of treatment that applies to efforts of others.

How is the diagnosis made?

Your child makes a series of tests in order to be able to tell if suffering from an intellectual disability or not. The specialist submits some tests to show whether the child is able to think and solve problems.

Experts say that in order to diagnose mental retardation, the child must fulfill three essential criteria:
€ Have an IQ below 70;
€ 2 or more serious problems in adaptive behavior of children - communication, interpersonal skills, social, etc;
€ Behavioral problems occur before age 18.

Calivita supplements that can help with mental retardation

- Property of Noni fruit are the most varied, including the ability to reduce behavioral disorders such as depression, manic-depressive disorders, Alzheimer's and others.

- One daily capsule of Full Spectrum supplement provides the daily dose of nutrients that our body needs to function normally.

- Vitamin B, form Mega B-Complex supplement, helps the body under stress and depression. B vitamins are essential for proper brain function.

- Lion Kids-vitamin D contains all the vitamins and minerals a child needs for a harmonious physical and mental development.

- Kids Greens contains 66 nutrients and is especially designed for children, for optimal development. It contains all the vitamins, minerals and antioxidants that the child's body needs to grow normally.

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