Home & Garden Gardening

Know How To Care for Your Outdoor Bonsai Trees?

Bonsai trees fall basically into two categories: indoor or outdoor plants.
Indoor bonsai trees are mainly trees that come from warmer, tropical climate areas.
These trees do well indoors.
Outdoor bonsai trees, either deciduous or conifer, originate from cooler areas and thrive as outdoor plants.
They do not do well if kept indoors throughout the seasons.
Let's talk about the care of outdoor bonsai trees.
Watering Your bonsai should only be watered when the soil is dry.
The top of the soil can appear dry , but be damp below the surface,The best way to check if the plant needs watering is to insert a finger into the soil for about 1" depth.
If he soil is still dry, then water thoroughly, until the water runs out through the drainage hole.
If the soil feels moist, then do not water.
The dampness of the tree soil is important to understand, as watering, or lack thererof, is the chief cause of bonsai trees dying.
Fertilization Like all house plants.
bonsai plants require fertilization.
Follow the directions on your fertilization mix carefully.
Add fertilizer only during the growing season.
DO NOT fertilize your outdoor plant during the dormant winter months.
Insect or Fungus Control Your bonsai should be checked frequently for insect infestation, such as spider mites, or fungus growth.
Usually, a simple spraying of the plant with an insecticide or fungicide, is sufficient, followed up again in two weeks to catch any left over eggs that hatched.
Trimming This is an important feature in order to maintain the miniaturization feature of your bonsai.
Cut excess leaf growth of deciduous plants using a pair of sharp shears for cutting back at the branches and trunk, and pinching back the excess growth on evergreen trees Re potting This is an important step in keeping your bonsai healthy.
It is a relatively easy process and should be done when your plant's roots are pot-bound by the existing pot.
Re-pot in a container about 1/3 larger, and use this opportunity to trim back the roots of the plant as well.
Generally speaking, this process should be done every 2 or 3 years.
The ideal time for this procedure is in the Spring, when the plant is no longer dormant.
Winterizing When cold winter temperatures are below freezing, plants can freeze and die.
When the plants are planted in soil, the ground can act as insulator.
But when the plants are grown in pots outdoors, there are some special precautions that need to be taken to protect the plant.
One method can be to keep the plant outdoors but cover the roots and the first or second branch level with mulch, which helps the plant from freezing.
Place it next to a building or under a roof structure to protect it from the snows or freezing rain.
Bring the outdoor plant inside to an area that will not freeze during the winter, an area such as a shed or garage.
Leave the plant indoors until all danger of frost is gone.
Do not bring the plants outside during a warm spell, as this not good for the plant.
Remember to follow these easy steps and you will enjoy your outdoor bonsai trees for years to come.

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