Endangered Reptiles in Asia
- The "Latifi's viper," or "vipera latiffii," is found in the rocky habitat of the Lar Valley in the Elburz Mountains in Iran. It was believed to have become extinct in the 1970s when a dam flooded its only known location. A small population was discovered in 2000, but the loss of habitat since the dam burst has rendered the species endangered. In addition, the viper is a target of poachers, who can sell the snakes to serum producers.
- The "Siamese crocodile," or "crocodylus siamensis," is a freshwater crocodile found in Vietnam, Indonesia and Laos. It is also believed there may be just two of these crocodiles in Thailand. The species is now critically endangered due to excessive hunting and destruction of the crocodiles' habitat. A small number of these crocodiles have been bred in captivity at the Bang Sida National Park in Thailand and have been reintroduced to a part of the park that is not accessible to visitors.
- The "Philippines crocodile," or "crocodylus mindorensis," is only found in the Philippines. This freshwater crocodile is critically endangered due to dynamite fishing. This fishing method is an illegal method of stunning or killing large schools of fish that makes it easier to collect them. These crocodiles are relatively small, growing to only 12 feet in length. A specialized crocodile conservation and breeding group was started in 2007 in an attempt to save the Philippines crocodile from extinction, as it is now believed there may be less than 1,000 of these crocodiles left in the wild.
Zhou's Box Turtle
- "Zhou's box turtle, or "cuora zhoui," is critically endangered and is native to China. The only specimens of these turtles that have been found have appeared in food markets in China and this species was not even described until the 1990s. It is unknown where these turtles are from in the wild and the population numbers are also unknown, but it is believed there may be only about 70 pairs of these turtles in captivity throughout Europe and the U.S.