- The ADA provides those with disabilities an equal opportunity at a position in which they qualify as an able-bodied person. Handicapped laws make it unlawful for an employer to discriminate against a handicapped person in areas of hiring, recruiting, wages, promotions or any other perks of employment enjoyed by other employees. The laws prohibit the employer from asking questions about the disability before making a job offer. The Act also states that employers must make accommodations for a handicapped employee unless the accommodations would create hardship.
State and Local Government Laws
- The state and local government section of the act states that state and local governments must not discriminate against anyone with a mental or physical handicap. This is in regards to all programs from assistance, to recreational activities, education, and healthcare among others. The act also requires that any new government buildings or alterations to existing buildings be handicapped accessible. In addition, state and local governments must communicate their ideas and policies in a way that is accessible to those with hearing, vision, or speech disabilities.
- The act ensures that public transportation services do not discriminate against passengers because of handicaps. According to the act, all newly purchased vehicles must be handicapped accessible or efforts made to make the vehicle so. If possible, the act requires availability of a paratransit service that allows disabled individuals transportation assistance.
- The Public Accommodations section of the act covers handicapped accessibility of businesses or other public facilities; this includes restaurants, hotels, movie theaters, ballparks, amusement parks, doctor's office, zoos and health clubs. The act states that such places may not discriminate against those with disabilities by providing discriminating services to handicapped persons. The act covers the requirements for handicap accessibility in public places or special accommodations for handicapped individuals.
- The ADA requires access to telephone and television services for those who have hearing or vision impairments. The act states that telephone carriers must enable telecommunications relay services, or TRS, allowing those who use teletypewriters or other such devices a third-party assistant for communication. The telecommunication services section of the act also covers closed captioning services.
- This last section of the ADA protects individuals from retaliation for exercising their ADA rights. This protects those who assist individuals with disabilities from coercion, including any threats or intimidation used against someone under protection of the ADA.