What Is the Difference Between LDL & VLDL?
- The liver produces VLDL to help distribute triglycerides (fat) throughout the body. A portion of VLDL is converted to LDL in the bloodstream. VLDL is difficult to measure separately and is usually estimated based on triglyceride levels.
- VLDL consists predominantly of triglycerides and normal levels should not exceed 40 milligrams per deciliter. Increased LDL contributes to high cholesterol, clogged arteries and cardiovascular problems; these risks are more serious if combined with diabetes, high blood pressure, smoking or a family history of heart disease.
- VLDL is not treated directly, but cholesterol lowering drugs are used to treat the health complications resulting from its by-product, LDL.
- Niacin (vitamin B3) can significantly lower LDL cholesterol and vitamins B6 and B12 help reduce arterial plaque. Garlic inhibits the production of cholesterol, lowers triglyceride and LDL levels and may dissolve clots and prevent their formation within blood vessels.
Prevention and Management
- The most effective way to lower LDL and VLDL levels is by reducing body fat, adopting a healthy diet and exercising regularly.