Fort Jesus was built by Portuguese in 1593 and was basically a guarding fort.
The fort changed hands nine times over its control in Mombasa by nations such as the Portuguese, Arabs, and British who used it to house prisoners until 1958 when they converted it to a historical monument.
Generally referred to as the cradle of mankind, this steep sided ravine is located in the Great Rift Valley East of Serengeti plains and measures 30miles in length and 295ft deep. It is one of the most significant prehistoric sites in the world especially due to the aid in furthering the understanding the theory of human evolution.
The Gorge was found by a German entomologist named (Wilhelm) Kattwinkel who accidentally came across upon the gorge during one of his expeditions. The canyon comprises of an erosion-created rift with layer after layer of fossils, bones and ancient artifacts.
Louis and Mary Leaky pioneered excavation work at this anthropologist's paradise in 1931 with other anthropologists carrying on the work into the 21st century.
Once a Swahili town between the 13th and 17th century located at a village known as Gedi near the coastal town of Malindi, the ruins consist of a palace, mosques, tomb stones and large stone houses.
This area came under the possession of Somalians in the 16th century and was abandoned by them in the 18th century. The name Gedi or Gede is a Galla word meaning "precious" which is thought to be either the name of the town or the name of the last Galla leader to camp there.
Koobi forra is located near Lake Turkana vicinity and its name comes from the local language meaning the place of commiphora.
It consists of projection of mainly Pleistocene sediments comprising clay stones, silt stones, and sandstones that protect numerous fossils of terrestrial mammals, including early hominid variety and as such has been of great importance in the excavations of fossils important to the human evolution theory.