Health & Medical Pregnancy & Birth & Newborn

What Are the Male Fertility Test Procedures?

1.
Male Fertility Test Kit
s If you prefer to do an initial test at home, there are some male fertility test kits you can use to test your sperm count.
However, there are limitations to these home test kits.
Once you get the result, you may want to consult your doctor for further evaluation.
2.
Blood Tests
By taking a blood sample from you, your doctor is able to check your hormones levels and detect any diseases such as HIV, syphilis and hepatitis that can cause infertility.
3.
Urine Tests
Your urine will be tested for presence of sperm, bacteria and white blood cells.
If you have a large number of sperm present in the urine, you may be having retrograde ejaculation, where the sperm move in the direction of the bladder.
Your urine may also be tested for Chlamydia, a sexually transmitted disease that can cause infertility.
4.
Sperm Tests
You will be asked to provide a sample of semen through masturbation usually in a private room at the clinic.
You have to abstain from having intercourse for a few days before you collect your sperm sample.
The volume and consistency of the semen will be checked.
Higher or lower volume indicates low testosterone level or infection.
The semen fluid normally liquefies within 20 to 30 minutes after ejaculation.
If it takes longer, you may have infection or other problems.
The sperm are examined under a microscope to see whether the quantity and the shape are normal and whether the sperm are swimming forward to the egg at normal speed.
The sperm are also used to test for presence of antisperm antibodies which adversely affect the functionality of the sperm.
Factors like medication, illness, heavy alcohol consumption can affect the sperm quantity and quality.
If there is a problem, the sperm tests may be repeated after three months when new sperm are produced.
5.
Testicular Biopsy
If no abnormality is found and yet you are not producing sperm, the doctor may perform a testicular biopsy.
This is a procedure where the doctor surgically removes a sample of your testicle tissue and extracts the sperm from the tissue for examination.
6.
Vasogram
If the doctor suspects blockage along your reproductive duct, he may recommend vasogram.
A small incision is made on your scrotum so that a dye can be injected into your vas deferens and x-rays are then taken.
This enables the exact location of the blockage to be detected and surgery treatment can be done.
Going for the male fertility test may be tedious but that may help you to detect the cause of your infertility and proper treatment can be performed.
You can then look forward to have a healthy baby soon after the treatment.

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