Health & Medical Cancer & Oncology

Pleural Mesothelioma - Cancer That Affects the Lung Lining

Pleural mesothelioma is the form of cancer in its malignant manifestation over the protective layer of the lungs with possibilities to spread to the lungs as well.
The formation of malignant cells in the structure of the lining will act as a constrictive belt for the lungs preventing them to function normally, and as such the person who presents this condition can have shortness of breath.
Pleural mesothelioma can be: - diffuse and malignant - carcinogenic type.
- localized and benign - non cancerous type - this one can be removed surgically, while the malignant form is really hard to deal with.
Pleural mesothelioma is the most commonly met case in the cases of mesothelioma and it appears due to a longer exposure to an asbestos environment, for after 20 years or so to start manifesting.
It takes indeed a lot of time for the disease to be detected as it needs some time to incubate and in the end to expose some symptoms that will indicate the presence inside the human body.
These symptoms that relate to pleural mesothelioma are difficulty in breathing, sleeping, chest pain, blood vomits, weight loss, loss of appetite, lower back pains, coughing, difficulty in swallowing.
To offer a diagnosis in pleural mesothelioma it will need a CT scan or an X-ray for the chest area for the pleural thickening to be revealed.
The next step leads to bronchoscopy.
A medical practitioner should then be able to have a better comprehension of the case.
Another way to detect the disease is the open biopsy or the needle biopsy.
This can be done as well through a thoracoscopy where a mini camera is inserted for a tissue sample to be removed and analyzed.
Treatment can be effective as long as the pleural mesothelioma is detected in its early stages.
In this case the tumor can be taken out through a surgical procedure.
Additionally an immuno-therapy can be followed with inoculation of Bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) used for increasing power of the immune system.
Radiation therapy as well as chemotherapy for the late stage of the disease can act merely as ways to relieve the pain.
There are also side effects presented, such as severe tiredness, excessive radiation can cause a reddish and itchy aspect of the skin.
Nausea and vomiting can be the other side effects in the case of radiotherapy, urinary discomfort as well as a diminishing in number of the white blood corpuscles.
When a person is diagnosed with pleural mesothelioma the life expectancy is from 6 months to one year, the maximum in some cases being up to 5 years.
Other factors to accelerate the disease manifestation are the lung infections left untreated, tobacco smoking, exposure to simian virus 40 (SV 40) and many others.

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