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Holy-Land in Tibetan, Lhasa is located along the northern
bank of the Lhasa River, a tributary of the Yarlung Zangbo River.
Sitting 3,700 meters above sea level, Lhasa is a cultural city with
a history of more than 1,300 years. It is also known as the solar
city because of its abundant sunshine. The capital as well as the
center for politics, economy, and culture of Tibet, it is a city
with many world-famous places of interest.
Palace: Located in downtown Lhasa, Potala Palace was set up
in the seventh century during the reign of King Songtsen Gampo and
covers an area of 41 hectares. The 13-story main building is 115.703
meters in height. It actually two palaces, the White and the Red
Palace, joined together. With over 1,000 rooms (bedrooms, scripture
rooms, stupas, and rooms for monks, etc.), it was the headquarters
of the Dalai Lamas, and is a treasure house of traditional Tibetan
culture. It is a relic under the state protection, and has been
named a World Heritage Site.
Monastery: Located in the old district of Lhasa, the monastery
was built in the mid-seventh century. Facing west, this four-story
building is built in the Tang style but incorporates features of
Nepalese and Indian architecture. Jokhang Monastery enshrines the
statue of Sakyamuni, which was said to be brought to Tibet by Princess
Wencheng. There are murals depicting legendary figures and telling
Buddhist stories in the corridors and the halls. The monastery also
enshrines the statues of King Songtsen Gampo, Princess Wencheng,
and Princess Bhrikuti Devi.
Monastery: Sera Monastery lies at the foot of a mountain on
the northern outskirts of Lhasa. It was built in 1419 by one of
the eight disciples of Tsongkhapa, founder of the Ge-lug-pa Sect.
Covering an area of 114,964 square meters, the structure is imposing
and splendid in green and gold. It is typical of Tibetan architecture.
Temple: Built in the middle of the 7th century, it is located
at the northside of the old town, burnt and rebuilt in succession.
There are frescoes and statues of Sakyamuni?Mozulji?Maitreya in
the temple. Sakyamuni's eight-year-old life-sized gilded statue
is located in the main hall, which was brought to Tibet by Princess
Chizhuen of Nepal.
Monastery: Built in the 15th century by the founder of the Gelulcpa
Sect. Tsongkapa is located in Dazhi county, 60 kilometres east of
Lhasa. The main boundaries are Raky hall and Chiduokang. The former
can contains 3,000 sultras-chanting monks. The statues of Maitreya
and Chongkhapa are made with elegance and refined workmanship.
Monastery: Built in 1416 and located at the northwest suburb
5 kiometres from Lhasa, it is the largest of the six big shamanist
monasteries in China.It occupies a land of 250,000 square metres
and had once boasted 10,000 monks, among whom, many became buddhist
talents. The 5th Dalai Lama lived here before he moved to Potala
Palace. There is an abundence of historic reliecs and buddhist Scriptures
in Drepung Monastery.
Temple: Built in 1187, it is located at the upper part of Chubu
River, 60 kilometres to the west of Lhasa. The living Buddha, Gema-the
established Gema Dynasty in 1618, and temporarily became leader
of Tibet. The living Buddha was granted the title of Great
king of Buddhism by Emperor ChengZhu of the Ming Dynasty.
Chubu Temple, located in the Duilong Valley, was then the political,
economical, religious and cultural centre of Tibet. There are many
cultural relies kept intact in Chubu Temple.
Temple: Established by Tsong tunpa in 1057 and located within
Lingzhou county, it was the first temple of Gedan sect which spread
throughout Tibet rapidly. At the beginning of the 15th century,
Tsong khapa established the Gelu sect by joinning Gedan sect's creed
and his own contributions to religion. Rezheng Temple then came
to Gelu sect. The whole temple occupies an area of 15 mi . The main
hall has three floors; the first floor is a large praying hall surrounded
by several small ones; Buddha's statues and religious classics are
restored here. Part of the temple was destroyed by the 1951 earthquake.
Street: It is a flourishing street around the Jokhang Temple.
Along the street are stores and groceries selling light industry
products and handicrafts made by locals or Nepal makers. It is also
the main route for prayer wheels rotating.
Located at the west suburb of Lhasa, it was constructed during 1740s,
and is 36 hectaes in area. The standing minister of Tibet during
the Qing Govermnent ordered the first palace to be built for the
recreation of the 7th Dalai Lama; Later, the 8th, 13th, and 14th
Dalai Lamas also built their own palaces here. After 200 years of
expansion, it has become one of the many typical Tibetan Palaces
and gardens. The Dadenmingjiu Palace, which means the
new palace, built by the 14th Dalai Lama, is the grandest, with
temples, palaces and villas joined together. Dalai Lamas, from the
7th down, all spent summers here. Now, people go to Norbulingka
with tents and foods on holidays for dancing and singing throughout
the day and night.
A 500-year-old cultural city located 3,800 meters above sea
level, Xigaze is the headquarters of the Panchen Erdeni, and is
located to the north of the world-renowned Qomolangma. There are
many ancient temples in Xigaze, such as Sakya, Baiju, Xalu, and
Tashihunpo, where the giant bronze statue of Buddha of Qiangba (Maitreya)
Monastery: Located 160 Kilometers west of Shigatse, Sakya Monastery
is divided into a north portion and south portion. The north part,
built in 1079, is in ruins now, while the south part, built in 1268,
embraces many historic relics: official documents, stamps, and costumes
from the central government of Yuan Dynasty, and very precious frescoes
of historic subjects from Song and Yuan Dynasties. The book storage
of Sakya Monastery is remarkable here not only because of religions
classics inscribed with gold-powdered ink, but there's also more
than 10,000 books over geography, history, medicine and literature
in Tibetan. Sakya Monastery, which is named Tunhuang the second,
is quite well-known for its books and valuable historic relics.
Monastery: Built in 1,000 A.D. it is located 30 kilometres southwest
of Xigaze. It is of unique construction with Tibetan and Han styles
mixed together. Two monastery treasures are the classic inscription
plank made of sandal wood and the holy water jar. The frescoes in
Xialu Monastery are abundant and beautiful, they are invaluable
art treasures of Tibet.
Monastery: Located in Gyangze County, the Baiju Monastery was
built by Yaodan Gongsangpa and Tsongkhapa's disciple Khedrub Je
in 1418. Its unique feature is that three sects. the Sa-kya-ya,
Ka-tam-pa, and Ge-lug-pa, had their headquarters in it -- a rare
phenomenon in Tibet. It attracts numerous visitors with its unique
architectural style, sculptures, and paintings.
Peak: Stradding over the boundary of China and Nepal, it is
8848.13 metres above sea level. Within 5,000 square kilometres around
Qomolangma, there are 4 peaks over 8,000 metres in height and 38
over 7,000 metres. The Rongbu Temple at the peak's foot is the world
highest temple; it is only 40 kilometres to the peak and serves
as the headquarters of northside climbing. The northside of Qomolangma
has 217 glaciers ,and the Rongbu glacier is the biggest.
Shannan, 3,600 meters above sea level, is located in the middle
reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River, and has a mild climate. There
are many places of interest and historical sites, such as the Samye
Monastery, the Yongbulagang, tombs of the Tibetan kings, the Changzhug
Monastery, and the Yalong River National Scenic Sport.
Samye Monastery: Built in 779 by Trisong Detsen, the second
king of Tibet, it is the first monastery in Tibet made for monks
to dwell in. It mixes different constructive styles in building;
the first floor is in Tibetan style, the middle in Han while the
top in Indian. It is unique and grand. There are many Buddhist statues
and frescoes inside; the bronze bell, the white marble lions and
the stone tablet for the allegiance to Buddha are invaluable relics.
Temple: Built during king Songzanganbu's rule, it is believed
to be the winter palace of the king and princess Wencheng; the willows
about the Temple were planted by the princess herself. A pearl prager
scroll enshrines in the temple; it is linked with pearls and
Lakhang: With a history of more than 2,000 years, it is the
first palace ever been built in Tibet. The murals and frescoes inside
depict vividly historic figures and other things.
of the Tibetan Kings: Located in Qonggyai County in Shannan,
it covers a total of 385 square meters. Among the tombs from the
29th king to the 40th kings, the last king of the Turpan regime,
King Songtsen Gampo's is the most famous.
scenic area: It is the originating land of Tibetan nationality.
The area is flat and soil is fertilize with abundant crops.
This simple yet grand senic area is composed of fields and pasturelands,
rivers and valleys, snow-covered mountains and glaciers as well
as religious cultural relics, unique folklores and customs. The
vegetation is abundant and varied according to the different heights.
Historic spots consist of the the following: the earliest palace
of Tibet-Yumbu Lakhang; the first temple of Tibet-Samye; the earliest
Buddha hall-Changzhu Monastery and the tombs of the Tibetan Kings.
There are more than 40 scenic spots for tourists both from home
Yamtso: Located in Lang Kazi country, it is 4,400 metres above
sea level, 800 square kilometres in size and 30-40 metres in depth."Yamdrok"
means the upper pasture, and "Yamtso" means green jade.
A bird's eye view reveals Yamdrok Yamtso as a big jade among the
mountains. It is very beautiful with cattles grazing and water birds
flying. Water power resources are also rich here. There is an 800
metres drop from the lake surface to the Yaluzhangbu river below.
A big power station is on construction. Samdin temple, the seat
of the only woman living Buddha, Duojibuomu, is at the south end
of the lake.
: Located on the lower reaches of the Yarlung Zangbo River,
Nyingchi is 3,000 meters above sea level. It has humid climate and
beautiful scenery. The inhabitants here are mainly the Moinbas and
the Lhobas. Nyingchi is attractive with the Namjagbarwa, the Great
Gorge of the Yarlung Zangbo River, Basumco, Zayu, and Bome.
key town of southeast Tibet-Bayi Town: It is both a newly flouring
industrious town and the seat of Nyingchi Administration. The town
is surrounded by a thick, beautiful forest. The temperature is moderate
and rainfall abundant. It is not only suitable for growing crops
and vegetables but also for visiting tourists.
Peak: It is 7,782 metres above sea level. The southwest monsoon
brings sufficient rain here along the Yaluzangbu river valley. Within
40 kilometres, vegetations of tropical zone, temperate zone are
distributed. Thousands of animals live in the thick forest, such
as the white monkey, the longtail monkey, tigers, and leopards.
Biologists have referred to it as "the natural museum of vegetations"
and "the gene deposits of mountain biological beings".
Bir Bend of Yaluzangbu River: Originating 6,000 metres high
from the middle of the Himalayan mountains, the Yaluzangbu river
turns abruptly southward by way of Miling county, cutting the Himalayas
Also known as the Northern Plateau in Tibet, Nagqu is 4,500
meters above sea level, 2,400 kilometers long and 700 kilometers
wide. It is sandwiched by the Kunlun-Tanggula-Gangdise-Nyainqentanglha
mountain ranges, and enjoys convenient transportation with the Qinghai-Tibet
Highway passing by. It is a place worth visiting with fantastic
scenes, historical sites, and local customs.
4,700 metres above sea level, 70 kilometres in length, 30 kilometres
in width and 1,940 square kilometres in size. It is located 60 kilometres
northweast of Dangxiong County. It is both the highest and largest
salt water lake in the world. Pious Buddhists worship the lake as
holy and come from Tibet, India and Nepal to pay their homage.
Known as the roof on the Roof of the World, Nagari, at 4,500meters
above sea level, is located in the northwestern part of Tibet. It
is dotted with lakes with not much inhabitants and is a paradise
for wild animals, such as yaks, Tibetan antelopes, and wild donkeys.
The historical sites of Nagri include the ruins of the Guge Kingdom
and the Toding Monastery.
Ruins of the Guge Dynasty: Located up the mountain of Gunrenpochi
southside of the Elephant Spring river, it was built by Kere ,the
offspring of the Tupo kings. It was extended mostly in the10th and
the16th centuries. The size of the ruin is 180 square kilometres.
It is composed of 300 caves, 300 buildings and 3 Buddha pagodas.
The main constructions are temples and palaces surrounded by walls
and castles. Inside the houses, there are colour paintings and frescoes
on the walls. Ancient relics are to be seen everywhere. Guge Dynasty
occupies a very important position in Tibetan history.
Located in the river region of Jinsha, Nujiang, and Lancang,
Qamdo is a tract of beautiful, fertile land with spectacular mountains,
dense forest, historical sites, and simple customs.
During the long process of historical and cultural development,
artists in Tibet have made unremitting efforts in perfecting their
own style of arts, and has also adapted the essence of the arts
from other parts of the world. The Tibetan artists have shown great
talents and wisdom in painting murals, which have rich contents,
including anecdotes, legendary stories, folk tales, traditional
Tibetan medicine, fortune telling, and religious mythologies.
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